Journeys in Earthsea

In this newsletter:
*** Summer trip summary
*** upcoming events
*** Journeys in Earthsea

Well, I’m back in windy Wellington fresh from my luxurious three and a half weeks on the South Island. I came back home with a few thousand photos, several hours of video footage, a few new pencil sketches, an attempt or two at watercolour studies from the life (need to practise this more!), a stack of contact cards from galleries and such places, a set of rough sketches for an illustration project, and a new song, maybe even two. As well as a healthy tan, and ideas to keep me busy for a year! But more about the trip next month – sifting through all those photos and other material, selecting and preparing it for online display, takes prodigious amounts of time, and I thought it would be a good idea to send this newsletter out in time for Christmas.

Taking my break before the crowds storm the beaches during the two or three weeks around Christmas and New Year turned out to be a really good idea – there was an air of off-season all the way up to the week before Christmas, even in popular Golden Bay where, rather to my surprise, I had a campsite mostly to myself. And now I am looking forward to a productive AND relaxing few weeks while everyone else is on the beach, and there won’t be as many distractions and disruptions as there usually are – apart from the lure of the fine weather outside! I will be working on a couple of website projects, and hope to get some solid amount of work done on my own site – watch out for new galleries in the next few weeks!

This will also be the time to tie up a few loose ends from last year, do a thorough house clean, work in the garden and plant some vegetables, and grab a paintbrush and paint. In my usual impetuous way, I came home and the very next day launched straight into a new painting – the beginnings of an illustration project I have in mind, and partly already on paper – while the ideas and inspiration are fresh and bubbling to be let out. Guess this is what tends to happen after one’s had a chance to recharge the batteries, so I think I ought to go with the flow, as the saying goes.

For some reason I have felt compelled to drag my two little harps all around the South Island, just in case the musical muse decided to talk to me again. She’s still grumpy, but hey – one night spent harping to the stars, and a new song or maybe two, are probably well worth the effort. Lack of inspiration has hardly ever been my problem. It’s lack of time and energy, and focus, to work all those ideas crowding into my head into something real, that’s where my challenge is!

photo: sea sign photo: summer flowers photo: tree mountain cloud

Upcoming Events

Harp performance: 14 February 2009 *** several slots between 10 am and 4 pm *** Ye Olde Manakau Medieval Market *** Levin Showgrounds, Manawatu. Only live harp performance I have lined up this year so far! CDs and sheet music will be for sale.

Teaching: “Learn to Read and Write Music” *** 11 February to 18 March *** Wednesday nights 7.30 - 9.30 pm *** Wellington High School Adult Community Education Centre, 249 Taranaki St, Wellington *** Cost: $ 84 - Reduced fee for Community Servce Card holders *** bookings: cec@whs.school.nz or phone (04) 385 8919

photo:Wellington shoreline photo: sea waves photo: breaking wave

Journeys in Earthsea

A few months back I started, quite unawares, on a different kind of trip. I had picked up a copy of Ursula Le Guin’s "Earthsea" trilogy in a used bookstore a while ago, as part of my efforts to catch up with some of the major works of contemporary fantasy literature (I have a rather shocking knowledge deficit there, despite my long standing enthusiasm for the genre). While I was in pottering-about mode a few months back, trying to find my focus after the effort and excitement of my big CD launch, I decided it was time to read it.

It is a sad and regrettable fact that I had not actually read Ursula Le Guin before – except for "Four Ways to Forgiveness" (which I liked a lot), but even that was only a year or so ago. But then again, maybe there has been no time in my life when her writings would have struck a deeper chord.

The three novels, "A Wizard of Earthsea" , "The Tombs of Atuan" , and "The Farthest Shore" , at first, seemed to make nice bedtime or weekend reading. They are undoubtedly well written, I thought, with attractive characters and imagery, some of it rather dark, and they touched on a few moral and spiritual issues perhaps with a little more than usual depth, but still they seemed like pretty standard fantasy fare in a lot of ways.

The main character is a wizard of unusual powers, by the name of Ged, or Sparrowhawk – proud, headstrong and a loner, but endowed with kindness, generosity and a sense of humour, and throughout the story, gaining in humility and wisdom. A pretty standard male wizard hero thus. Like Gandalf, he is a wanderer – though, Earthsea being an archipelago which consists of at least as much water as solid ground, he does much of his questing sailing his trusty boat Lookfar. "A Wizard of Earthsea" follow Ged’s exploits from his troubled and lonesome childhood, herding goats on the uncouth mountain island of Gont, through his apprenticeship and his first major exploits, taming a dragon and chasing down his own shadow at the end of the ocean.

In "The Tombs of Atuan" we meet him again some ten years later perhaps, and only halfway through the book – he now is a wizard in the full bloom of his manhood and skill. The story is told from the point of view of the young priestess Tenar, whose duty it is to kill him for his sacrilege of breaking into the sacred tombs. This book first jumps out as unusual because of its dark and claustrophobic atmosphere (much of the action takes place in an underground labyrinth), and also because Ged, for much of it, is completely at Tenar’s mercy – she is the one who gets to make the important decisions. But still, reading this book in particular, I did wonder how on earth Ursula Le Guin had gained the reputation of being a “feminist” fantasy author. The earth powers whom Tenar serves appear to be both female – or at least, worshipped exclusively by women – and evil, and Tenar herself by the end of the book seems to be more of a damsel in distress, whom Ged must rescue from the powers she serves, and from those who have forced her to serve them. He begins to call her “little one” as soon as he can be sure she is not going to keep him locked underground to slowly die of thirst, and in the end the whole sacred place collapses in a massive earthquake. Doesn’t strike me as very feminist, huh?

"The Farthest Shore" takes place another twenty or so years later (time seems a bit fluid in Earthsea, the exact chronology and Ged’s exact age in the second and third books are never fully established). Ged is now Archmage on the sacred island of Roke – something like the Pope of Wizards – and he leads the young boy Lebannen on a perilous journey through a dark and dry land, on a quest to heal an evil that threatens all Earthsea – a journey which ends with Ged abdicating his wizardly power, and the Return of the King of all Earthsea. Sounds strangely familiar? Well, Ursula Le Guin has never made a secret of her deep admiration for Tolkien’s work, but rather than plagiarizing Tolkien (like so many of her colleagues), in her case it is more a play with, and rearranging of common mythological motives – or dare I say archetypes – which Tolkien also used, and comes across as being entirely in the spirit of an hommage. It sure made me smile to see her casually include kingsfoil among the healing herbs drying in a witch’s hut on the island of Gont!

photo: near pencarrow lighthouse photo: the mountains across the harbour photo: edge of the world

Just before finishing this last book, I picked up the animated movie version which has recently come out of Studio Ghibli. The plot seemed a bit of a garbled version of the third book with some bits and pieces from the first, but I was surprised and delighted to see Tenar pop up again, for apart from being thought of once or twice by Ged, she plays no part in “The Farthest Shore”. There must be another book then! I thought with glee. And sure enough – a quick look on the author’s website relieved my ignorance and confirmed that there is, in fact, a whole second trilogy. Twenty years after writing the first three books, Ursula Le Guin decided to revisit Earthsea, and see for herself what Ged and Tenar and Lebannen and Ogion and Kalessin the dragon have all been up to.

This is good news, for there are questions left at the end of “The Farthest Shore”, and they bothered me. Ursula Le Guin has once stated that the three original “Earthsea” books deal with the stages of life – and indeed this is obvious enough. The first book is about growing up, the third about death (so far, so good) and the second, she says, is about sex. But hang on – there isn’t any sex whatsoever in “The Tombs of Atuan”! Sure, we are left to wonder slightly if Ged and Tenar ever kept each other warm during those cold winter nights travelling in the mountains of Atuan, and in an open boat across the sea, but seeing that the author carefully puts them to sleep him in the prow and her in the stern of the boat, we somehow doubt it. Indeed there seem to be more subtle hints of erotic attraction in “The Farthest Shore” than there are in “Tombs”!

However, it is clearly a book about falling deeply in love. And one would like to know, will Ged go and see Tenar again, as he had thought he would like to? What has she been up to in the meanwhile, left alone among strangers while he was off to do his wizarding? What exactly happened, anyway, when they came to Havnor, and then to Gont? How much time did they ever get to spend together? And how come Tenar is so conspicuously absent in “The Farthest Shore” – except, she isn’t quite?

photo: sheep photo: lambs photo: mother and children

Wondering about all that, and impatient to know, I picked up "Tehanu" , the first in the new trilogy, as soon as I could, and read it literally from cover to cover – and it’s been a long time since I’ve done that with any book!

It is the most extraordinary thing I’ve read, perhaps, in the genre of fantasy at least, ever.

First of all, it is completely unheroic – at least as far as heroism is normally represented in the genre. Nothing really happens much except what we have already been told in the last paragraph of “The Farthest Shore” – only now we are told the story in considerably more detail, and once again from Tenar’s point of view. Tenar is now a middle aged woman (in fact, she would be precisely my age if my reckoning is right) – recently widowed, with two children grown and her dead husband’s farm to look after, she has taken little Therru under her wing, a child who has been badly damaged both physically and psychologically, by her natural parents.

Then a dragon comes and drops Ged into her lap, the man she has loved passionately 25 years ago, the powerful wizard who set her free and then left her on an island among strangers while he went to follow his calling. Only, now he is close to death from utter exhaustion, and has lost all his wizardly power, and his self-assurance, and much of his former charm and sense of humour with it. Throughout much of the book, we see her nurse him back to health, and struggle to patch up their relationship, while at the same time trying to protect Therru from those who would damage her even further. Not your standard fantasy heroine, and most definitely not your standard fantasy plot!

The book deals just with those questions that normally don’t find a place among the fairy tale stereotypes - both in fantasy and other genres! What does the Damsel do after she has been rescued, and the Knight in Shining Armour has ridden off to further deeds? What happens to a wizard who has lost his power? How does he deal with it, practically, and emotionally? Do people in Fantasia ever grow middle aged? How do they live when they are not on a quest? And how does it feel to be reunited with the love of your life after being apart for half a lifetime? What exactly does that mean, happily ever after?

photo: breaking wave photo: light on the sea photo: where sea meets earth

Secondly, reading "Tehanu" completely changes the perspective on the entire first trilogy. It is as if Ursula Le Guin went and deliberately deconstructed her own previous writing. And yes, feminism now comes to the fore much more explicitly. Roke was a “boys only” school, no questions asked, in the first trilogy. Women could not be wizards trained in the Art Magic, only witches, with weak and dubitable powers. Now the author questions why. She starts to question the unassailable wisdom of the Mages on Roke, while re-evaluating her concept of the Old Powers of Earth – and of the nature, and gender, of dragons!

To be sure, reading the first trilogy again bearing in mind how things pan out in the second, one notices a lot more subtlety. It is almost as if the author’s unconscious mind had already had a few doubts about those issues way back then, even while she seemed to be still adhering to a more stereotypical division of the world into male/female, dark and light, playing with more stereotypical stereotypes, as it were.

Isn’t that exactly the trap? Any artist worth their salt – in literature and figurative art especially – is so imbued with the traditions and archetypes of male dominated centuries, no millennia, that it is exceedingly hard, even for the most politically and socially aware, to create what would be needed to truly make a change in the mindsets of people – new archetypes – create them in a genuinely intuitive and artistic way, drawing them right from the Collective Unconscious and feeding them back into it, rather than making them up intellectually, which is always artificial and unsatisfying. Perhaps it takes the wisdom and passion and exercise of a lifetime of writing fantastic fiction, to be able to break through that barrier even once.

In "Tehanu", Ursula Le Guin makes a good stab. It could easily have become a preachy book, or a soppy book, or an altogether insignificant book, banking on the success of her previous bestsellers. Instead, she approaches the story of those two now very mature lovers with an emotional honesty that is almost scary, that is rarely to be found in books of any kind. And with a complete disregard for what the readers of her first trilogy might have expected, or at least for what her editors and publishers might have thought the readers of her first trilogy might have expected.

In doing so, she makes the story of a middle aged woman nursing back a middle aged man from burnout and depression, and taking care of a disabled and psychologically damaged foster child, utterly gripping and real, and makes the characters come alive with a vividness that stays with you – at least it stayed with me! – weeks if not months after reading. And maybe for good – I think Tenar and Ged are well on their way to becoming part of my inner pantheon, like Jane and Rochester, Emma and Knightley, like Frodo and Gandalf and Eowyn, like Faust and Gretchen and Mephisto, like Helen of Troy and brave Achilleus and cunning Odysseus and patient Penelope and all the rest of them. Only, they seem more relevant than most of those, to my life as it is at the moment, here, in the early 21th century.

Or perhaps it is just that "Tehanu" has got to be one of the most beautiful and most truthful love stories ever written – in any genre.

Arohanui - merry Christmas, propitious Solstice, happy Sunreturn, jolly Long Dance, or whatever you may be celebrating at this time of year - and all the best wishes for the new year 2009

from Asni

Christmas wishes from Asni

PS: For those of you who have gotten curious, below I am listing Amazon Affiliate links for the books in the "Earthsea" series, and some other books by Ursula Le Guin as well - including some of her theoretical writings on writing and the creative process, which are well worth the read! By ordering books through these links, you can help support my website. I am in no way affiliated with Ursula Le Guin or any of the publishers representing her.

Earthsea cycle:

"A Wizard of Earthsea" (1968)
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German

"The Tombs of Atuan" (1970))
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"The Farthest Shore" (1972)
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"Tehanu" (1990)
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"Tales from Earthsea" (2001)
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"The Other Wind" (2001)
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Science Fiction (selection):

"The Left Hand of Darkness"
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German

"The Lathe of Heaven"
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"The Dispossessed"
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"Four Ways to Forgiveness"
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Writing on Writing:

"The Language of the Night"
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"Dancing at the Edge of the World"
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"The Wave in the MInd"
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